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Poland – Maternity and Giving Birth

Poland is a country located in Central Europe, known for its rich culture, history, and picturesque landscapes. When it comes to childbirth, Polish women have access to a variety of options, including hospital births, home births, and birthing centers. This article will explore the most common options for giving birth in Poland, how to register a birth, and the attitudes and legislation surrounding abortion in the country.

Giving Birth in Poland

Hospital Births

The majority of births in Poland take place in hospital settings, with most women giving birth in government-run hospitals. In a hospital setting, women are supported by a team of midwives, doctors, and nurses. Women who give birth in a hospital have access to pain management options, such as epidurals, and medical interventions if necessary.

Polish hospitals are well-equipped with state-of-the-art facilities, and women who give birth in a hospital are supported by a team of midwives, nurses, and doctors. Most hospitals in Poland have private birthing suites, which are designed to create a more comfortable atmosphere for the birth.

Home Births

Home births are also an option for women in Poland, although they are less common than hospital births. Women who choose to have a home birth are supported by midwives who provide care throughout the pregnancy and are on hand to assist with the birth.


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Home births are seen as a safe and viable option for low-risk pregnancies. However, if complications do arise during the birth, the midwife will make the decision to transfer the mother and baby to the hospital.

Birthing Centers

Birthing centers are another option for women in Poland. These centers are staffed by midwives and provide a home-like environment for the birth. Birthing centers are a good option for women who want the support of a midwife but who do not want to give birth at home or in a hospital.

Registering a Birth in Poland

In Poland, births must be registered within 14 days of the baby being born. This can be done at any local civil registry office in the country, and both parents must be present. If one of the parents is unable to be present, they can provide a notarized authorization for the other parent to register the birth.

To register a birth, the following documents are required:

  • The birth certificate issued by the hospital, midwife, or doctor
  • Identification documents for both parents
  • The marriage certificate, if applicable

After the birth has been registered, the civil registry office will issue a birth certificate, which is a legal document that serves as proof of the child’s identity and nationality.

Attitudes to and Legislation Surrounding Abortion in Poland

Abortion in Poland is illegal in most circumstances. In 2020, the Constitutional Tribunal in Poland issued a ruling that effectively banned abortion in the country, except in cases where the woman’s life is in danger or where the pregnancy is a result of rape or incest.

The ruling sparked widespread protests across the country, with many women and men taking to the streets to express their opposition to the decision. Despite the protests, the ruling remains in place, and women who choose to have an abortion can face legal and social consequences.

The attitudes to abortion in Poland are generally conservative, and there is a strong cultural and religious opposition to the procedure. The government does not provide any support for abortion services, and women who choose to have an abortion must seek private medical care.

In addition, access to contraception in Poland can be limited, with many women facing obstacles to obtaining birth control. This can make it difficult for women to plan their pregnancies and can contribute to the high rate of unplanned pregnancies in the country.

In conclusion, Poland offers women a range of options for giving birth, including hospital births, home births, and birthing centers. The country’s healthcare system is designed to provide women with high-quality care and support throughout their pregnancy and birth.

However, the attitudes and legislation surrounding abortion in Poland are conservative, and the procedure is illegal in most circumstances. Women who choose to have an abortion can face legal and social consequences, and access to contraception can be limited, making it difficult for women to plan their pregnancies.

Despite these challenges, there are several organizations in Poland that advocate for women’s reproductive rights and access to safe abortion services. These organizations provide counseling, education, and referrals to women who need abortion care.

In addition, the ruling on abortion has sparked a renewed push for progressive reproductive rights in Poland, with activists and organizations continuing to advocate for change. While the situation for women’s reproductive rights in Poland remains challenging, there is hope for progress in the future.

Overall, while the options for giving birth in Poland are similar to those in other countries, the country’s conservative attitudes towards abortion and limited access to contraception can present challenges for women seeking reproductive healthcare. However, there are advocates and organizations working towards improving women’s access to reproductive healthcare, and there is hope for progress in the future.


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