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Romania – Education and Schools

The quality of education in Romania

Education in Romania is generally of good quality, with a strong emphasis on academic achievement and critical thinking skills. Romania has a long tradition of education, with the first Romanian university being established in the 16th century.

Age of compulsory education in Romania

Education is compulsory in Romania for children between the ages of 6 and 16. The Ministry of Education oversees the education system in Romania and provides free education to Romanian citizens.

Types of schools in Romania

There are several types of schools in Romania, including public schools, private schools, and international schools. The breakdown of schools by age is as follows:

Preschool Education

Preschool education in Romania is for children between the ages of 3 and 6. There are several types of preschool programs available, including public preschools, private preschools, and international preschools.

Primary Education


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Primary education in Romania is for children between the ages of 6 and 11. There are several types of primary schools available, including public schools, private schools, and international schools.

Lower Secondary Education

Lower secondary education in Romania is for students between the ages of 11 and 15. There are several types of lower secondary schools available, including general secondary schools, technical secondary schools, and vocational schools.

Upper Secondary Education

Upper secondary education in Romania is for students between the ages of 15 and 19. There are several types of upper secondary schools available, including general secondary schools, technical secondary schools, vocational schools, and art schools.

Syllabus and qualifications

Schools in Romania follow a national curriculum that is set by the Ministry of Education. The curriculum includes several core subjects, such as Romanian language and literature, mathematics, science, and social studies, as well as optional subjects, such as foreign languages and physical education.

At the end of upper secondary school, students take the Baccalaureate exam, which assesses their knowledge and skills in various subjects. The exam is used to determine eligibility for higher education in Romania and other countries.

School hours and holidays

School hours in Romania typically run from 8:00 am to 2:00 pm for primary schools and from 8:00 am to 4:00 pm for secondary schools, although they may vary depending on the school. The academic year usually starts in September and ends in June, with breaks in December, February, and April.

Enrollment and competition

To enroll in a school in Romania, parents must provide a birth certificate or passport for their child, as well as proof of residence. There may be some competition for enrollment in popular schools or schools in areas with high demand, particularly in urban areas.

International schools

There are several international schools in Romania that cater to expats and international students. These schools offer education in English or other languages and follow international curricula, such as the International Baccalaureate or the British Curriculum. Some notable international schools in Romania include:

  • American International School of Bucharest: An American school in Bucharest that offers education from preschool to secondary school, following the American Curriculum.
  • British School of Bucharest: A British school in Bucharest that offers education from preschool to secondary school, following the British Curriculum.
  • International School of Bucharest: An international school in Bucharest that offers education from preschool to secondary school, following the International Baccalaureate Curriculum.

Higher education options

Romania has several universities and colleges that offer undergraduate and graduate programs in a variety of fields, such as medicine, engineering, and business. Some of the top universities in Romania include the University of Bucharest, Babe_-Bolyai University, and the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca.

The University of Bucharest

is the oldest and largest university in Romania, with over 35,000 students enrolled in undergraduate and graduate programs. It offers a wide range of programs in fields such as law, economics, humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences.

Babe_-Bolyai University is located in Cluj-Napoca and is one of the largest and most prestigious universities in Romania. It offers undergraduate and graduate programs in a variety of fields, such as mathematics, physics, computer science, law, and economics.

The Technical University of Cluj-Napoca is a top university in Romania for engineering and technology programs. It offers undergraduate and graduate programs in fields such as mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, computer science, and civil engineering.

Other notable universities in Romania include the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Târgu Mure_, which is one of the oldest medical schools in Europe, and the Polytechnic University of Timi_oara, which is known for its engineering and technology programs.

Education in Romania is compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 16 and offers a variety of school types and curricula. Schools in Romania follow a national curriculum that emphasizes academic achievement and critical thinking skills. At the end of upper secondary school, students take the Baccalaureate exam, which determines their eligibility for higher education in Romania and other countries. Romania has several international schools and universities that offer education in English or other languages and follow international curricula, making it a popular destination for expats and international students.


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