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Russia – Disability

Russia is the largest country in the world, with a population of over 144 million people. The country is known for its rich history, diverse culture, and beautiful landscapes. However, like many other countries, Russia has its own set of challenges when it comes to disability inclusion. In this article, we will explore the common attitudes towards disability in Russia, the discrimination and legislation issues, public transport and building access for the disabled, and the advocacy groups working towards improving the lives of disabled individuals.

Attitudes towards Disability

Attitudes towards disability in Russia have improved significantly over the past few years, but there is still a long way to go. Historically, there has been a stigma attached to disabilities, with many people believing that disability is a punishment for past sins or a curse. Disabled individuals were often hidden away and not given access to education, employment, or healthcare.

In recent years, there has been an effort to shift these attitudes, with the government launching a campaign to promote inclusivity and accessibility. Despite this, many people with disabilities still face discrimination and social exclusion in Russia, especially in rural areas where traditional attitudes are more prevalent.

Discrimination and Legislation

Despite the government’s efforts to improve the lives of disabled individuals in Russia, there are still significant barriers to inclusion. Discrimination is a common problem, with disabled people often facing barriers to education, employment, and social participation.

The Russian government has implemented legislation to address these issues, including the Law on Social Protection of Disabled People, which provides for a range of services and benefits, including financial support, healthcare, and rehabilitation services. However, the implementation of these laws is often inadequate, with many disabled individuals struggling to access the support they need.

Public Transport and Building Access

Public transport and building access are major challenges for disabled individuals in Russia. While some cities have made efforts to improve accessibility, many buildings and public spaces are still not wheelchair accessible. Public transportation is also a major issue, with many buses and trains lacking the necessary accommodations for disabled individuals.


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Recently, the government has made efforts to improve accessibility, including the introduction of new accessible buses and the renovation of some public spaces. However, progress has been slow, and many disabled individuals still struggle to access essential services and participate fully in society.

Advocacy Groups

There are several advocacy groups working towards improving the lives of disabled individuals in Russia. These groups provide a range of services and support, including advocacy, legal aid, and assistance with accessing healthcare and education.

One of the most well-known disability advocacy groups in Russia is Perspektiva. Founded in 1997, Perspektiva is a non-governmental organization that works to promote disability rights and inclusion in Russian society. The organization provides a range of services, including legal aid, vocational training, and advocacy.

Another advocacy group is the Russian Society of Disabled People. This organization is the oldest and largest of its kind in Russia and works to promote the rights and interests of disabled people. The organization provides a range of services, including rehabilitation, social support, and assistance with employment and education.

While attitudes towards disability in Russia have improved in recent years, there is still a long way to go in terms of inclusivity and accessibility. Discrimination and barriers to access remain significant challenges for disabled individuals, and there is a need for continued efforts to improve the situation.

The Russian government has implemented legislation to address these issues, but the implementation of these laws is often inadequate. Advocacy groups such as Perspektiva and the Russian Society of Disabled People play a critical role in promoting disability rights and inclusion and providing much-needed support to disabled individuals.


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