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Russia – Driving

Russia is the largest country in the world, with a diverse landscape and a variety of road conditions. If you plan to drive in Russia, it is important to be aware of the local driving standards, road safety regulations, and necessary equipment required in your vehicle. In this article, we will provide information on the rules and regulations of driving in Russia.

Road Safety in Russia

Road safety in Russia has improved in recent years, but accidents still occur. The road infrastructure is developing, with many highways and roads being renovated and improved. However, the quality of roads varies across the country, with some roads in poor condition. It is important to exercise caution while driving, especially when traveling on rural roads.

Local driving standards in Russia can also differ from what you may be used to. Some drivers may exhibit aggressive behavior, such as tailgating or cutting in front of other vehicles. It is important to remain calm and alert while driving and be aware of your surroundings at all times.

Equipment Required in Your Car

When driving in Russia, you are required by law to carry certain equipment in your car at all times. This equipment includes:

  • Reflective vests for all passengers in the car
  • Warning triangle
  • First aid kit
  • Fire extinguisher
  • Winter tires (between November 1 and April 15)

If you are caught driving without this equipment, you may face a fine or have your car impounded.

Legal Obligations in the Event of a Road Accident

If you are involved in a road accident in Russia, it is important to follow the correct procedures. You must stop your car immediately and move it to a safe location, such as the side of the road. Contact the police and wait for them to arrive at the scene. Exchange insurance information with the other driver, take photographs of any damage, and file a report with the police.

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Driving Rules in Russia

In Russia, you must drive on the right-hand side of the road. The speed limit on highways is typically 130 km/h, but this may vary depending on the location and road conditions. In built-up areas, the speed limit is typically 60 km/h, and in residential areas, it is typically 20-40 km/h.

When it comes to right of way, vehicles must yield to pedestrians at all times. When turning at an intersection, vehicles must give way to oncoming traffic.

There are also a few unique driving rules to be aware of in Russia. For example, it is illegal to overtake a vehicle on the right-hand side, and it is compulsory to use your headlights during the day, even in good weather conditions.

Road Signs and Traffic Lights

Russia uses a similar system of road signs to that used in most European countries, with signs indicating speed limits, no parking areas, and the like. Here are some of the most important road signs to be aware of:

  • Stop sign (Octagon with red background): This sign indicates that you must come to a complete stop at the intersection ahead.
  • Yield sign (Inverted triangle with red border and white background): This sign indicates that you must yield to other vehicles at the intersection ahead.
  • No entry sign (Round sign with a red border and white background): This sign indicates that you are not allowed to enter the road ahead.
  • One-way sign (Square sign with a white background and black arrow): This sign indicates that traffic is only allowed to travel in the direction of the arrow on the sign.
  • Speed limit sign (Rectangular sign with a white background and black numbers): This sign indicates the maximum speed limit for the road you are on.
  • No parking sign (Rectangular sign with a red border and white background with a red diagonal line): This sign indicates that you are not allowed to park on the road at the location indicated by the sign.
  • Pedestrian crossing sign (Yellow diamond with black pedestrian symbol): This sign indicates the presence of a pedestrian crossing, and drivers should be aware of pedestrians in the area.

Traffic lights in Russia follow the same basic system as other countries, with red indicating stop, yellow indicating caution, and green indicating go. However, in some areas of Russia, the yellow light is skipped and the signal switches directly from red to green. Drivers should be aware of this possibility and be prepared to stop if necessary. In addition, some traffic lights in Russia have a countdown timer indicating how much time is left until the signal changes, allowing drivers to anticipate when the light will turn green or red.