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Russia – Health Issues

Russia is the largest country in the world, covering over 17 million square kilometers and spanning 11 time zones. The population of Russia is approximately 146 million people, making it one of the most populous countries in the world. While the life expectancy in Russia has increased in recent years, there are still many health issues that affect the population. In this article, we will explore the common health issues in Russia and the attitudes towards smoking, as well as the legislation in place to regulate smoking.

Common Health Issues

Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of death in Russia. According to a report by the World Health Organization (WHO), cardiovascular diseases account for approximately 56% of all deaths in the country. The high incidence of cardiovascular disease is attributed to several factors, including smoking, high alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diets.


Cancer is also a major health issue in Russia, accounting for approximately 18% of all deaths in the country. The most common types of cancer in Russia are lung, breast, stomach, and colorectal cancer. The incidence of cancer is also linked to several factors, including smoking, alcohol consumption, poor nutrition, and exposure to environmental pollutants.


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Obesity is becoming a growing health concern in Russia. According to a report by the WHO, the prevalence of obesity in adults has increased from 11% in 1990 to 23% in 2016. The increase in obesity is attributed to several factors, including the availability of high-calorie foods, sedentary lifestyles, and changing dietary patterns.

Mental Health

Mental health is another major health issue in Russia. According to the WHO, the suicide rate in Russia is one of the highest in the world. Mental health issues are often linked to factors such as poverty, unemployment, and substance abuse.

Smoking in Russia

Smoking is a significant health issue in Russia, and it is estimated that approximately 30% of the population smokes. The prevalence of smoking is particularly high among men, with around 47% of men being smokers. However, the number of women smokers is also increasing.

Attitudes towards Smoking

Smoking is still seen as socially acceptable in many parts of Russia, particularly among men. In fact, smoking is often viewed as a symbol of masculinity and strength. However, attitudes towards smoking are changing, particularly among younger generations. Many young people are starting to view smoking as a negative behavior that is detrimental to health.

Legislation on Smoking

In 2013, Russia passed a law that aimed to reduce smoking rates in the country. The law banned smoking in many public places, including cafes, restaurants, and airports. It also introduced restrictions on advertising and promotion of tobacco products. The law also required graphic warnings to be placed on cigarette packages.

However, the effectiveness of the law has been called into question. Some critics argue that the law is not being properly enforced, and that smoking is still common in many public places. Additionally, there are concerns about the availability of cheap cigarettes, which are often sold illegally.

Russia faces several health issues, including high rates of cardiovascular disease, cancer, obesity, and mental health problems. Smoking is also a significant health issue, with high rates of smoking among the population. While the government has implemented legislation to reduce smoking rates, there are concerns about the effectiveness of the law and the enforcement of smoking bans in public places. Overall, addressing these health issues will require a multifaceted approach that addresses factors such as diet, physical activity, and substance abuse.

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