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Russia – Maternity and Giving Birth

Russia is a vast country located in northern Eurasia, known for its rich history, art, and literature. When it comes to childbirth, women in Russia have access to a range of options, including hospital births and home births. This article will explore the most common options for giving birth in Russia, how to register a birth, and the attitudes and legislation surrounding abortion in the country.

Giving Birth in Russia

Hospital Births

The majority of births in Russia take place in hospital settings, with most women giving birth in government-run hospitals. In a hospital setting, women are supported by a team of midwives, doctors, and nurses. Women who give birth in a hospital have access to pain management options, such as epidurals, and medical interventions if necessary.

Russian hospitals are well-equipped with modern facilities and equipment, and women who give birth in a hospital are supported by a team of midwives, nurses, and doctors. Most hospitals in Russia have private birthing suites, which are designed to create a more comfortable atmosphere for the birth.

Home Births

Home births are also an option for women in Russia, although they are less common than hospital births. Women who choose to have a home birth are supported by midwives who provide care throughout the pregnancy and are on hand to assist with the birth.


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Home births are seen as a safe and viable option for low-risk pregnancies. However, if complications do arise during the birth, the midwife will make the decision to transfer the mother and baby to the hospital.

Water Births

Water births are a relatively new option for women in Russia, and they are becoming increasingly popular. In a water birth, the mother gives birth in a pool of warm water, which can help to ease the pain of contractions and make the birth process more comfortable.

Water births are generally seen as a safe option for low-risk pregnancies, and many hospitals in Russia now offer this option to women who are interested.

Registering a Birth in Russia

In Russia, births must be registered within 30 days of the baby being born. This can be done at any local civil registry office in the country, and both parents must be present. If one of the parents is unable to be present, they can provide a notarized authorization for the other parent to register the birth.

To register a birth, the following documents are required:

  • The birth certificate issued by the hospital, midwife, or doctor
  • Identification documents for both parents
  • The marriage certificate, if applicable

After the birth has been registered, the civil registry office will issue a birth certificate, which is a legal document that serves as proof of the child’s identity and nationality.

Attitudes to and Legislation Surrounding Abortion in Russia

Abortion in Russia is legal and has been since 1955. Women can access abortion services up to 12 weeks of pregnancy, and in some circumstances, up to 22 weeks of pregnancy. Abortion services are available in both public and private healthcare facilities, and the government provides financial support for the procedure.

The attitudes to abortion in Russia are generally liberal, with a strong emphasis on women’s reproductive rights and autonomy. However, there is still some opposition to abortion in the country, particularly from conservative and religious groups.

Despite the availability of abortion services in Russia, access to contraception can still be limited for some women. This can make it difficult for women to plan their pregnancies and can contribute to the high rate of unplanned pregnancies in the country.

In conclusion, Russia offers women a range of options for giving birth, including hospital births, home births, and water births. The country’s healthcare system is designed to provide women with high-quality care and support throughout their pregnancy and birth.

Furthermore, Russia has a liberal attitude towards abortion, and the procedure is legal and widely available. However, access to contraception can still be limited for some women, which can make it difficult for women to plan their pregnancies.

Despite these challenges, there are several organizations in Russia that advocate for women’s reproductive rights and access to safe abortion services. These organizations provide counseling, education, and referrals to women who need abortion care.

In addition, the government has recently introduced a bill to improve access to contraception and sex education, which could potentially improve the situation for women’s reproductive rights in the country.

Overall, while the options for giving birth in Russia are similar to those in other countries, the country’s liberal attitudes towards abortion and emphasis on women’s reproductive rights and autonomy make it a good place for women seeking reproductive healthcare. However, there are still challenges to be addressed in terms of access to contraception and sex education, and there is work to be done to ensure that all women have access to the care they need.


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