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Russia – Residency

Types of Residency in Russia

Russia is the largest country in the world, with a rich cultural heritage and diverse landscape. If you are considering moving to Russia, one of the first things you will need to think about is obtaining residency status. There are several different types of residency available, each with its own requirements and limitations.

Types of Residency

1. Temporary Residence Permit

A Temporary Residence Permit (TRP) is valid for up to three years, and can be renewed. To be eligible for a TRP, you will need to have a job offer, be a student, or be a family member of a Russian citizen or resident.

2. Permanent Residence Permit

A Permanent Residence Permit (PRP) allows you to stay in Russia indefinitely, without the need to renew your residency status. To be eligible for a PRP, you will need to have lived in Russia on a TRP for at least one year.

3. Citizenship


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If you plan to stay in Russia permanently, you may wish to apply for Russian citizenship. To be eligible for citizenship, you will need to have lived in Russia on a PRP for at least five years, be fluent in Russian, and pass a citizenship exam.

Process for Applying for Residency

The process for applying for residency in Russia varies depending on the type of residency you are seeking. In general, the process involves the following steps:

  1. Determine which type of residency is right for you, and gather all necessary documents and information.
  2. Complete the application form, which can usually be found online.
  3. Submit the application, along with any required documents and fees.
  4. Wait for your application to be processed. This can take several weeks or even months, depending on the type of residency and the volume of applications being processed.
  5. If your application is approved, you will be issued with the appropriate visa or permit.

It is important to note that the process for obtaining residency in Russia can be quite complex, and it is often helpful to seek the advice of a professional immigration lawyer or consultant.

Documents Required for Residency Application

The documents required for a residency application in Russia will vary depending on the type of residency you are seeking. However, in general, you will need to provide the following documents:

  • Passport or other valid travel documents
  • Evidence of your financial means
  • Proof of accommodation arrangements in Russia
  • Evidence of your educational qualifications and work experience (if applicable)
  • Police clearance certificate
  • Health certificate

Registering with Russian Authorities

Upon arrival in Russia, it is important to register with the Russian authorities. This includes obtaining a residency permit, registering for tax purposes, and obtaining a social security number.

Where to Find Reliable Information

For up-to-date information on obtaining residency in Russia, you can visit the official website of the Federal Migration Service at http://en.fms.gov.ru. Another useful resource is the website of the Russian embassy or consulate in your home country.


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