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Slovakia – Driving Licenses

Slovakia is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is a popular tourist destination, and many foreign nationals choose to drive during their visit. This article will discuss the rules and regulations regarding driving licenses in Slovakia for foreign nationals.

General Rules for Foreign Nationals

Foreign nationals can drive in Slovakia using their valid driving license for up to 12 months from the date of their arrival in the country. After this period, they must obtain a Slovakian driving license.

License Exchange and Driving Test

There are agreements in place that allow foreign nationals from certain countries to exchange their driving license for a Slovakian one without taking a driving test. These countries include all members of the European Union (EU), European Economic Area (EEA), and Switzerland.

If a foreign national’s country is not covered by an agreement, they will need to take a driving test in order to obtain a Slovakian license. The test consists of a written and practical exam, and the fee for taking the exam is €50.

Procedure for Exchanging, Obtaining, and Renewing a Driving License

Foreign nationals who are eligible to exchange their driving license can do so at the driving license office (in Slovak: ‘okresn_ úrad dopravy’). They will need to bring their original driving license, a translation of the license (if it is not in Slovak), and a valid passport or ID card.

To obtain a Slovakian driving license, foreign nationals will need to take the written and practical exams. They will need to apply for a test appointment at the driving license office and pay the fee. After passing both exams, they can apply for their Slovakian driving license.


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Driving licenses in Slovakia are valid for 10 years from the date of issue. To renew a driving license, foreign nationals can apply at the driving license office. They will need to provide their current driving license, a passport photo, and a fee of €20.

Contact Details for Relevant Government Departments

The relevant government department for driving licenses in Slovakia is the Ministry of Transport and Construction. The driving license office is located in each district office (in Slovak: ‘okresn_ úrad dopravy’).

For more information on driving licenses in Slovakia, visit the Ministry of Transport and Construction’s website (in Slovak): www.minv.sk/?vp=0

International Driving Permit Recognition

Slovakia recognizes International Driving Permits (IDP) along with a valid driving license from the driver’s country of origin. However, foreign nationals can only use their IDP for up to six months from the date of their arrival in Slovakia. After this period, they must obtain a Slovakian driving license.

Penalty System for Motoring Offences

The penalty system for motoring offenses in Slovakia varies depending on the severity of the offense. Minor offenses, such as speeding or not wearing a seatbelt, can result in fines of up to €500. More serious offenses, such as driving under the influence of alcohol, can result in fines, license suspension, or even imprisonment.

Foreign nationals who commit motoring offenses in Slovakia are subject to the same penalty system as Slovakian citizens.


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