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Slovakia – Maternity and Giving Birth

Slovakia is a small country in Central Europe, with a population of approximately 5.5 million people. The healthcare system in Slovakia is well developed and provides a range of options for women giving birth. This article will explore the most common options for giving birth in Slovakia, how to register a birth, and the attitudes and legislation surrounding abortion in the country.

Giving Birth in Slovakia

Hospital Births

The majority of births in Slovakia take place in hospitals, with women receiving care from a team of midwives, nurses, and doctors. In a hospital setting, women have access to pain management options, such as epidurals, and medical interventions if necessary.

Slovakian hospitals are well-equipped with modern facilities and equipment, and women who give birth in a hospital are supported by a team of midwives, nurses, and doctors. Most hospitals in Slovakia have private birthing rooms, which are designed to create a more comfortable atmosphere for the birth.

Home Births

Home births are legal in Slovakia, but they are less common than hospital births. Women who choose to have a home birth are supported by midwives who provide care throughout the pregnancy and are on hand to assist with the birth.


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Home births are seen as a safe and viable option for low-risk pregnancies. However, if complications do arise during the birth, the midwife will make the decision to transfer the mother and baby to the hospital.

Private Hospital Births

Another option for women in Slovakia is to give birth in a private hospital. Private hospitals in Slovakia offer a range of amenities, such as private rooms, personalized care, and access to the latest medical technology. Private hospital births can be more expensive than giving birth in a government hospital, but they offer a more personalized and luxurious experience.

Registering a Birth in Slovakia

In Slovakia, births must be registered within three working days of the baby being born. This can be done at any registry office in the country, and both parents must be present. If one of the parents is unable to be present, they can provide a notarized authorization for the other parent to register the birth.

To register a birth, the following documents are required:

  • The birth certificate issued by the hospital, midwife, or doctor
  • Identification documents for both parents
  • The marriage certificate, if applicable

After the birth has been registered, the registry office will issue a birth certificate, which is a legal document that serves as proof of the child’s identity and nationality.

Attitudes to and Legislation Surrounding Abortion in Slovakia

Abortion in Slovakia is legal but highly restricted. It is only available in cases where the woman’s life is in danger, where the pregnancy is a result of a criminal act, or where the fetus has severe abnormalities.

The attitudes towards abortion in Slovakia are generally conservative, with a significant proportion of the population opposed to the practice. There is also a lack of public discourse around the issue, and women who seek an abortion may face judgment and criticism from their communities.

Despite these challenges, there are organizations in Slovakia that provide counseling, education, and referrals to women who need abortion care. These organizations work to support women in their reproductive choices and to challenge the social stigma associated with abortion.

In conclusion, women in Slovakia have access to a range of options for giving birth, including hospital births, home births, and private hospital births. The healthcare system in Slovakia is well-equipped and provides women with access to a team of midwives, nurses, and doctors. Births must be registered within three working days of the baby being born, and the required documents include the birth certificate, identification documents for both parents, and the marriage certificate if applicable.

Abortion in Slovakia is legal but highly restricted, and there is a social stigma associated with the practice. Despite this, organizations in Slovakia provide support to women who need abortion care, and they work to challenge the social stigma associated with the practice.


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