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Thailand – Disability

Disability is a significant issue in Thailand, with an estimated 7 million people living with a disability in the country. In this article, we will explore common attitudes towards disability in Thailand, discrimination and legislation issues, access to public transport and buildings, and advocacy groups for the disabled.

Attitudes Towards Disability

Attitudes towards disability in Thailand vary widely, with some people showing respect and compassion towards the disabled, while others may hold negative attitudes and stereotypes. Traditionally, disability has been viewed as a result of karma, with some people believing that disability is a punishment for wrongdoing in a past life.

Despite this, there has been a growing awareness of disability rights in Thailand in recent years, and some progress has been made towards promoting inclusion and accessibility for the disabled.

Discrimination and Legislation Issues

Discrimination against the disabled is a significant issue in Thailand, with the disabled facing barriers to education, employment, and social participation. There is no specific legislation in Thailand that protects the rights of the disabled, although the Constitution of Thailand does recognize the rights of all citizens, including the disabled, to equal protection and benefits under the law.

There have been some efforts to promote disability rights in Thailand, such as the Disability Rights Promotion International (DRPI) Thailand project, which aims to promote the rights of the disabled through research, advocacy, and capacity building. However, there is still a long way to go to ensure that the disabled in Thailand are fully included and supported in all areas of life.

Access to Public Transport and Buildings

Access to public transport and buildings in Thailand is limited for the disabled, with few accommodations made for those with mobility or sensory impairments. Many public buildings and transport systems do not have accessible entrances, ramps, or elevators, making it difficult for the disabled to navigate these spaces independently.


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In recent years, there have been some efforts to improve accessibility in Thailand, with some newer buildings and public transport systems being designed with accessibility in mind. However, much work remains to be done to make public spaces and transport systems truly accessible for the disabled.

Advocacy Groups for the Disabled

There are several advocacy groups in Thailand that work to promote the rights of the disabled and improve access to services and opportunities. Some of these groups include:

  • The Thailand Association of the Blind (TAB) – TAB is a non-profit organization that aims to promote the rights of the blind and visually impaired in Thailand. They provide services such as Braille printing, audio recordings, and vocational training for the blind.
  • The Disabled Peoples’ International Asia Pacific (DPI/AP) – DPI/AP is a regional organization that works to promote the rights of the disabled in Asia Pacific. They work on issues such as disability rights advocacy, accessibility, and inclusive education.
  • The Foundation for the Employment Promotion of Persons with Disabilities (FEPD) – FEPD is a non-profit organization that aims to promote employment opportunities for the disabled in Thailand. They provide vocational training and job placement services for the disabled.

Contact information for these and other advocacy groups can be found on their respective websites.

Disability is a significant issue in Thailand, with the disabled facing barriers to education, employment, and social participation. Attitudes towards disability in Thailand vary widely, with some progress being made towards promoting inclusion and accessibility for the disabled.

Discrimination against the disabled is a significant issue in Thailand, and there is no specific legislation in place to protect the rights of the disabled. Access to public transport and buildings in Thailand is limited for the disabled, and much work remains to be done to make these spaces truly accessible.

There are several advocacy groups in Thailand that work to promote the rights of the disabled and improve access to services and opportunities. These groups provide important services and support for the disabled in Thailand and play a critical role in promoting disability rights and inclusion in the country.

While there is still much work to be done to improve the lives of the disabled in Thailand, the growing awareness of disability rights and the work of advocacy groups provide hope for a more inclusive and accessible future for all. It is important for individuals, organizations, and the government to work together to promote disability rights and inclusion in Thailand, and to ensure that the disabled are able to live their lives to the fullest.


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