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Turkey – Health Issues

Turkey is a country located at the intersection of Europe and Asia, with a population of over 83 million people. The country has made significant progress in improving healthcare services in recent years, but there are still several health issues that affect the population. In this article, we will discuss common health issues in Turkey and the attitudes towards smoking in the country.

Common Health Issues in Turkey


Obesity is a significant health issue in Turkey, with approximately 30% of the population considered obese. The high prevalence of obesity is attributed to factors such as unhealthy eating habits, sedentary lifestyles, and genetics. Obesity increases the risk of developing several chronic conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, and stroke.

Cardiovascular Diseases

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death in Turkey, accounting for approximately 40% of all deaths. Risk factors for CVDs in Turkey include high blood pressure, smoking, physical inactivity, and an unhealthy diet.


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Cancer is also a significant health issue in Turkey, with lung, breast, prostate, and colorectal cancers being the most prevalent. Risk factors for cancer in Turkey include smoking, unhealthy diets, exposure to environmental pollutants, and lack of physical activity.

Mental Health

Mental health is an emerging concern in Turkey, with an estimated 20% of the population experiencing some form of mental health disorder. Depression and anxiety are the most common mental health disorders in Turkey, with suicide rates being particularly high among young people.

Smoking in Turkey

Prevalence of Smoking

Smoking is a prevalent habit in Turkey, with approximately 28% of the population smoking. The smoking rate is higher among men than women, with smoking being particularly common among young men.

Attitudes Towards Smoking

Despite the high prevalence of smoking, attitudes towards smoking are changing in Turkey. In recent years, there has been an increased awareness of the dangers of smoking, and smoking has become less socially acceptable.


Turkey has implemented several anti-smoking measures in recent years to curb the prevalence of smoking. These measures include:

  • Banning smoking in public places such as restaurants, cafes, and bars.
  • Requiring tobacco products to carry graphic warning labels.
  • Banning tobacco advertising and sponsorship.
  • Increasing taxes on tobacco products.

Turkey has made significant progress in improving healthcare services in recent years, but there are still several health issues that affect the population. Obesity, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and mental health are among the most common health issues in Turkey. Smoking is also a prevalent habit in the country, but attitudes towards smoking are changing, and the government has implemented several measures to curb the prevalence of smoking. Overall, continued efforts are needed to address these health issues and improve the health outcomes of the population.

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