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Turkey – Health Risks, Inoculations, Vaccinations, and Health Certificates

Turkey is a country that straddles two continents, Asia and Europe, and is a popular tourist destination. As with any travel destination, it is important to be aware of potential health risks and necessary vaccinations or health certificates. This article will provide information on common health risks in Turkey, vaccination requirements for entry, and resources for obtaining reliable advice on health risks.

Common Health Risks in Turkey

Waterborne Diseases

Waterborne diseases, such as Hepatitis A and typhoid, are a concern in Turkey. It is recommended to only drink bottled water and avoid ice in drinks.

Mosquito-Borne Diseases

Mosquito-borne diseases, such as Zika, dengue fever, and chikungunya, have been reported in Turkey. Travelers are advised to take measures to avoid mosquito bites, such as wearing long sleeves and pants, using mosquito repellent, and staying in air-conditioned or screened-in areas.

Foodborne Illnesses

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Travelers should also be cautious of foodborne illnesses, such as E. coli and Salmonella. It is recommended to only eat food that has been thoroughly cooked and avoid food from street vendors.

Sun Exposure

Turkey is known for its sunny weather, and travelers should take measures to protect themselves from sun exposure, including wearing sunscreen and protective clothing and seeking shade during the hottest parts of the day.

Vaccination and Health Certificate Requirements

No specific vaccinations are required for entry into Turkey. However, it is recommended to be up-to-date on routine vaccinations, such as measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) and the flu shot.

There are no health certificate requirements for entry into Turkey, unless arriving from a country with a risk of yellow fever. In that case, a yellow fever vaccination certificate is required.

Resources for Obtaining Reliable Advice

Travelers can obtain reliable advice on health risks in Turkey from a variety of sources, including government agencies and travel clinics.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

The CDC provides up-to-date information on health risks in Turkey and recommended vaccinations. Their website also includes information on how to stay healthy during travel, as well as tips for packing a travel health kit. Travelers can visit the CDC’s website at www.cdc.gov/travel.

World Health Organization (WHO)

The WHO provides information on health risks in Turkey, as well as updates on disease outbreaks and recommended vaccinations. Travelers can visit the WHO’s website at www.who.int/ith/en.

Travel Clinics

Travel clinics are an excellent resource for obtaining advice on health risks and recommended vaccinations for travel to Turkey. These clinics specialize in travel medicine and can provide personalized advice based on the traveler’s medical history and specific travel itinerary. The International Society of Travel Medicine has a directory of travel clinics on their website at www.istm.org.

Embassy or Consulate

The embassy or consulate of Turkey in your home country can also provide information on health risks and entry requirements. Contact information for embassies and consulates can be found on the website of the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs at www.mfa.gov.tr.


Traveling to a new country can be an exciting experience, but it is important to be aware of potential health risks and take preventive measures to ensure a safe and healthy trip. Inoculations, vaccinations, and health certificates may be required or recommended for entry into certain countries, including those discussed in this article. It is important to research the specific health risks of the country and consult with healthcare professionals for personalized advice on preventive measures. By taking proactive steps to protect your health, you can make the most out of your travels and create lasting memories.

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