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United States – Finding Employment

The United States has the world’s largest economy, and its job market is diverse and dynamic. The unemployment rate in the US was 3.9% in August 2021, and there are job opportunities in a variety of industries, including healthcare, technology, finance, education, and hospitality.

The US has a strong culture of entrepreneurship, and many Americans start their own businesses or work as independent contractors. The gig economy, which includes companies like Uber and Airbnb, has also created new job opportunities.

Workplace Culture in the United States

The workplace culture in the US is generally fast-paced, competitive, and goal-oriented. Employers value efficiency, productivity, and innovation, and employees are expected to be self-motivated and proactive.

Communication is essential in the US workplace, and employees are expected to communicate clearly and assertively. English is the primary language used in the workplace, and proficiency in English is essential for most jobs.

Recruitment Agencies and Job Sites in the United States

There are many recruitment agencies and job sites in the US that can help job seekers find suitable job opportunities. Here are some of the major recruitment agencies and job sites in the US:

Typical CV Structure in the United States

The typical CV structure in the US is different from other countries, and it is essential to understand the differences before applying for jobs. In the US, the CV is called a resume, and it should be no longer than two pages.

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Here is an example of a typical resume structure in the US:

  1. Header: Name, address, phone number, and email address
  2. Objective or Summary: A brief statement that summarizes the applicant’s skills and qualifications
  3. Education: The applicant’s educational background, including degrees, certificates, and relevant coursework
  4. Work Experience: The applicant’s work experience, including job titles, company names, dates of employment, and key accomplishments and responsibilities
  5. Skills: A list of the applicant’s relevant skills, including technical, language, and soft skills
  6. Awards and Certifications: Any awards or certifications that are relevant to the job
  7. References: A list of professional references, including names, job titles, and contact information

Typical Job Application Process in the United States

The job application process in the US typically involves submitting a resume and cover letter to the employer or recruitment agency. Some employers may require additional documents, such as a portfolio or writing samples.

Here is a breakdown of the typical job application process in the US:

  1. Job Search: Job seekers can use job sites, recruitment agencies, or social media to find suitable job opportunities.

  2. Application: Job seekers should tailor their resume and cover letter to the job they are applying for and submit them to the employer or recruitment agency.

  3. Initial Screening: The employer or recruitment agency may conduct an initial screening of the resume and cover letter to determine if the applicant meets the minimum requirements.

  4. Interview: The employer may invite the applicant for an interview, which can be conducted in person, over the phone, or via video conference.

  5. Skills Test or Assessment: The employer may require the applicant to take a skills test or complete an assessment to determine their suitability for the job.

  6. Background Check: The employer may conduct a background check on the applicant to verify their employment history, education, and criminal record.

  7. Job Offer: If the employer is satisfied with the applicant’s qualifications and performance in the interview and assessments, they may extend a job offer.

    Transferring Qualifications to the United States

    Transferring qualifications from a home country to the US can be a complex process, as there are different regulations and requirements for each profession and industry. Here are some agencies and organizations that oversee the process of transferring qualifications to the US:

    1. Educational Credential Evaluators (ECE): ECE is a non-profit organization that evaluates foreign education credentials for equivalency in the US. They provide detailed reports that explain the academic credentials and their US equivalencies.

    2. National Association of Credential Evaluation Services (NACES): NACES is an association of credential evaluation services that provides information and guidance on credential evaluation for professional licensure and employment.

    3. Commission on Graduates of Foreign Nursing Schools (CGFNS): CGFNS is a non-profit organization that evaluates foreign nursing credentials for equivalency in the US. They also provide credential verification and certification services for nurses who want to practice in the US.

    4. National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (NCARB): NCARB is an organization that evaluates foreign architecture credentials for licensure in the US. They provide certification and credential evaluation services for architects who want to practice in the US.

    Overall, finding employment in the US can be a challenging but rewarding experience. It is important to research the job market, understand the workplace culture, and tailor the application materials to the job requirements. Additionally, understanding the process of transferring qualifications can help job seekers navigate the complex requirements of working in the US.