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Venezuela – Employment Terms and Conditions

Venezuela is a country located in South America, known for its vast oil reserves and diverse culture. In this article, we will explore the employment terms and conditions in Venezuela, including working hours, employment rights, and benefits, pensions, and retirement age.

Working Hours in Venezuela

According to the labor law in Venezuela, the maximum number of working hours per day is eight hours and the maximum number of working days per week is six days. In addition, employees are entitled to at least one day of rest per week, which is usually Sunday. Employers are required to provide their employees with at least two weeks of vacation per year, and it can increase depending on the years of service.

Employment Rights and Benefits in Venezuela

In Venezuela, employees are entitled to various employment rights and benefits, including:

Minimum Wage

Venezuela has a minimum wage system that is periodically reviewed and updated. As of 2021, the minimum wage in Venezuela is 7,000,000 Bolivars per month, which is equivalent to approximately $2.30 USD at the official exchange rate.

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Social Security

Social Security in Venezuela is divided into several branches, including the Venezuelan Institute of Social Security (IVSS), which provides healthcare, pension, and disability benefits to workers. Employees contribute 4% of their salary to the IVSS, while employers contribute 9% of the employee’s salary.

Maternity and Paternity Leave

Female employees in Venezuela are entitled to 18 weeks of maternity leave, with full pay, and male employees are entitled to 14 days of paternity leave, also with full pay.

Severance Pay

Employees in Venezuela are entitled to receive severance pay if they are dismissed from their job without just cause. The amount of severance pay is calculated based on the length of service and the last salary received by the employee.

Pensions in Venezuela

In Venezuela, there are two types of pensions available for workers:

IVSS Pensions

The IVSS provides a pension for workers who have contributed to the system for at least 750 weeks, or approximately 14 years. The pension amount is calculated based on the average salary earned during the last ten years of contributions, with a maximum amount of 75% of the average salary.

Social Security Savings Fund

In addition to the IVSS pension, workers can also contribute to the Social Security Savings Fund (FAOV), which provides a retirement pension based on the amount of contributions made by the worker and their employer. The pension amount is calculated based on the number of contributions and the average salary during the last ten years of contributions.

Retirement Age in Venezuela

The retirement age in Venezuela is currently 60 years old for men and 55 years old for women. However, this age can be reduced to 55 years old for men and 50 years old for women if they have contributed to the IVSS for at least 750 weeks. In addition, workers can also retire early if they have a disability or if they have been employed in hazardous work conditions.


In conclusion, Venezuela has a number of employment rights and benefits that are available to its workers, including minimum wage laws, social security benefits, maternity and paternity leave, and severance pay, among others. In addition, the country offers pensions through the IVSS and the Social Security Savings Fund to help workers prepare for retirement. However, it is important to note that the economic situation in Venezuela has been unstable in recent years, which has impacted the availability and effectiveness of these benefits.

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