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Venezuela – Health Issues

Venezuela is a country located on the northern coast of South America. It has a population of approximately 28 million people and is known for its rich cultural heritage, diverse natural beauty, and turbulent political history. Despite being a country with abundant natural resources, Venezuela has been experiencing a significant economic crisis since 2013, which has had a severe impact on its healthcare system. In this article, we will discuss some of the common health issues affecting the population in Venezuela and the smoking habits of its citizens.

Common Health Issues in Venezuela


One of the significant health issues affecting the Venezuelan population is malnutrition. According to the World Food Program, nearly 9.3 million people in Venezuela are food insecure, which means they do not have regular access to enough nutritious food to live a healthy life. The economic crisis has resulted in high levels of inflation, making food prices unaffordable for many people. This has led to an increase in malnutrition, particularly among children under the age of five.

Infectious Diseases

Venezuela has also experienced a resurgence of infectious diseases in recent years. The lack of access to clean water and sanitation facilities has contributed to the spread of diseases such as malaria, dengue fever, and tuberculosis. Additionally, the economic crisis has led to a shortage of medicines and vaccines, making it challenging to manage these diseases effectively.

Chronic Diseases

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Chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes are also prevalent in Venezuela. According to the World Health Organization, non-communicable diseases account for 80% of deaths in the country. The economic crisis has made it difficult for people to access healthcare services, including medication and treatment for these chronic diseases.

Smoking in Venezuela

Prevalence of Smoking

Smoking is a significant public health concern in Venezuela, with an estimated 16.7% of adults being smokers. This number is relatively high compared to some other Latin American countries such as Brazil, where the smoking rate is approximately 10%. The prevalence of smoking is higher among men than women, with 22.1% of men being smokers compared to 11.6% of women.

Attitudes Towards Smoking

Despite the high prevalence of smoking, there is growing awareness of the dangers of smoking in Venezuela. Many public health campaigns have been launched to educate people about the risks associated with smoking. However, there is still a lack of understanding among some people about the long-term health consequences of smoking.

Smoking Legislation

In 2006, Venezuela ratified the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, which requires countries to implement policies to reduce tobacco consumption. The Venezuelan government has taken steps to regulate smoking, including banning smoking in public places such as hospitals, schools, and government buildings. However, the enforcement of these laws has been inconsistent, and many people still smoke in public areas.

Venezuela is facing significant health challenges, including malnutrition, infectious diseases, and chronic diseases. The economic crisis has had a severe impact on the country’s healthcare system, making it difficult for people to access the care they need. Smoking is also a significant public health concern, with a relatively high prevalence of smoking among adults. While the government has implemented policies to regulate smoking, enforcement has been inconsistent. Addressing these health issues requires a multi-faceted approach that includes improving access to healthcare, reducing poverty and inequality, and increasing awareness of the dangers of smoking.

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