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Understanding Antigua and Barbuda’s Citizenship by Investment Program

Antigua and Barbuda, with its azure waters, pristine beaches, and sunny climate, is not only a tropical paradise but also a sought-after destination for individuals seeking a second passport. This article explores Antigua and Barbuda’s Citizenship by Investment Program (CIP), an initiative that offers expats a unique and rewarding opportunity.

Introduction to the Citizenship by Investment Program

Established in 2013, Antigua and Barbuda’s Citizenship by Investment Program is designed to attract foreign capital and business by providing the right of residence and citizenship to individuals (and their families) who wish to invest in the nation. The program stands as one of the most competitive of its kind worldwide and is highly attractive for individuals seeking the benefits of a second passport, including mobility, security, and investment opportunities.

Investment Options

To qualify for citizenship under Antigua and Barbuda’s Citizenship by Investment Program, applicants must fulfill one of the following investment options:

    National Development Fund (NDF) Contribution: A minimum non-refundable contribution of $100,000 is required for a single applicant or a family of up to four members. For a family of five or more, the contribution is set at $125,000. The funds channeled to the National Development Fund are used for socio-economic development, public-private partnerships, and alternative energy projects in the country, hence playing a crucial role in boosting national growth.
    Real Estate Investment: This option requires an investment of at least $400,000 in a government-approved real estate project. These projects range from luxury resorts to villas and condominium units, contributing to the growing tourism industry. The real estate must be held for at least five years before it can be sold. If the property is sold after five years, the new buyer may qualify for citizenship, providing an attractive incentive for potential investors. A unique feature of this option is the possibility of making a joint investment, where two or more applicants may collectively invest, with each contributing a minimum of $200,000. This route provides a more financially accessible option for those interested in real estate investment but may not have the ability to invest the full $400,000 individually.
    Business Investment: This option requires an investment of $1.5 million in a pre-approved business as a sole investor. This can be an existing business or a new one and can span various sectors such as tourism, agriculture, information technology, or manufacturing, among others.

Alternatively, there is the option for a joint business investment where each person contributes at least $400,000 to a total investment of no less than $5 million. This option provides an excellent opportunity for prospective entrepreneurs or business professionals to establish or expand their business in Antigua and Barbuda, contributing to the local economy and creating job opportunities for residents.

It’s important to note that in addition to the investment amounts listed above, applicants will also be required to pay processing fees, due diligence fees, and, in some cases, other costs, which may vary depending on the investment route chosen.

Detailed information about the different investment options is available on the official website of Antigua and Barbuda’s Citizenship by Investment Unit. Consulting with a reputable law firm or authorized agent specializing in citizenship by investment programs, such as CS Global Partners, can provide further guidance on choosing the best investment option to suit individual circumstances.

Benefits of Citizenship

The Citizenship by Investment Program in Antigua and Barbuda offers a host of benefits:

    Global Mobility: Antiguan and Barbudan citizens enjoy visa-free or visa-on-arrival travel to over 150 countries, including the EU Schengen area, the UK, Hong Kong, Singapore, and others.

Tax Benefits: Antigua and Barbuda does not impose taxes on worldwide income, wealth, inheritance, capital gains, or gifts.

Family Inclusion: The program allows for the inclusion of family members, including spouse, dependent children, and dependent parents or grandparents.

Dual Citizenship: Antigua and Barbuda permits dual citizenship, allowing individuals to benefit from their new status without relinquishing their original nationality.

Application Process

The process to acquire citizenship through Antigua and Barbuda’s Citizenship by Investment Program, while straightforward, involves meticulous preparation, due diligence, and understanding of the stipulated procedures. Here’s an extended look at the steps involved:

1. Select an Investment Option: The first step involves deciding on the investment pathway that aligns best with your financial situation and personal or business goals. This could be a non-refundable contribution to the National Development Fund, a real estate investment, or a business investment. Each route has its own set of advantages and considerations, including minimum investment amounts, holding periods, and opportunities for return on investment.

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2. Prepare Documents: Once the investment pathway is selected, the next stage involves compiling the necessary documents. The list of required documentation is extensive and includes a clean police record from your country of residence, proof of the source of investment funds, medical certificates for all family members included in the application, and proof of a successful investment in the case of real estate or business investments. Additionally, detailed financial statements, bank reference letters, and character reference letters may also be required.

3. Submit Application: After assembling all necessary documents, the application is submitted to the Citizenship by Investment Unit (CIU) of Antigua and Barbuda. It is essential to note that applications must be submitted through an authorized agent registered with the CIU, as they do not accept applications directly from individuals.

4. Due Diligence Checks: The government of Antigua and Barbuda conducts rigorous due diligence checks on each applicant to ensure they meet all the eligibility criteria. These checks are designed to protect the integrity of the program and the country’s security, and may involve liaising with international agencies to verify the information provided.

5. Approval and Investment: Upon successful completion of the due diligence checks, the CIU makes a decision on the application. If the application is approved, the chosen investment must be executed. In the case of a contribution to the NDF, the contribution must be made within 30 days of the approval date. For real estate or business investments, the CIU must receive proof of the executed investment agreement.

6. Citizenship Grant: Once the investment has been executed and all other requirements are met, the government of Antigua and Barbuda grants citizenship. The new citizen(s) can then apply for a passport, which grants visa-free travel to over 150 countries and a host of other benefits.

Remember, due to the complexity of the process and the legal and financial implications involved, it is highly recommended to seek guidance from a reputable law firm or authorized agent that specializes in citizenship by investment programs.

Key Considerations

While the Citizenship by Investment Program provides a wealth of benefits, potential applicants must consider several factors:

Due Diligence: The due diligence process is rigorous and extensive. Applicants must have a clean criminal record and provide comprehensive documentation of their finances.

Residency Requirement: To maintain citizenship, individuals must spend a minimum of five days in Antigua and Barbuda within five years of obtaining citizenship.

Costs: Aside from the investment, there are other costs, including due diligence fees, government fees, passport fees, and professional fees if an authorized agent or lawyer is used.

Legal Assistance: Given the complexity of the process, engaging with a reputable law firm or authorized agent that specializes in citizenship by investment programs can be beneficial.


Antigua and Barbuda’s Citizenship by Investment Program offers a fast and efficient route to obtaining a second passport, with its inherent benefits of global mobility, fiscal advantages, and enhanced lifestyle. While the investment requirement is significant, the program’s comprehensive benefits make it an attractive option for individuals seeking to broaden their personal, economic, and travel freedoms.

For more information, visit the official website of Antigua and Barbuda’s Citizenship by Investment Unit. For professional assistance, consider contacting authorized agents or law firms specializing in CIP programs, such as CS Global Partners, which offer detailed guidance through the application process.