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Belgium – Disability

Belgium is a country located in Western Europe, known for its high standard of living and social welfare programs. Despite its reputation for progressive policies, people with disabilities still face challenges in accessing education, employment, and public services. In this article, we will explore common attitudes towards disability in Belgium, discrimination and legislation issues, public transport and building access, and the availability of advocacy groups for people with disabilities.

Common attitudes towards disability

Belgian society generally views disability as a medical condition that requires treatment and management. This medical model of disability can result in a focus on individual impairments rather than societal barriers. However, there is also an emerging social model of disability in Belgium that emphasizes the importance of societal inclusion and accessibility.

People with disabilities in Belgium often face social stigma and discrimination. In a survey conducted by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, 46% of respondents with disabilities in Belgium reported experiencing discrimination or harassment in the previous 12 months. Negative attitudes towards people with disabilities can lead to exclusion from social activities and employment opportunities.

Discrimination and legislation issues

Belgium has several laws and policies in place to protect the rights of people with disabilities. The Belgian Disability Act, passed in 2003, sets out measures to promote the social inclusion and participation of people with disabilities. This includes the provision of reasonable accommodations, such as wheelchair ramps and sign language interpreters, to ensure equal access to public services and employment.

However, there are still areas where discrimination against people with disabilities persists. One example is in the education system, where students with disabilities may face barriers to accessing mainstream schools. A report by the Belgian Centre for Equal Opportunities and Opposition to Racism found that 40% of schools in the French-speaking region of Belgium were not accessible to students with disabilities.

Employment is another area where discrimination against people with disabilities is prevalent. According to Eurostat, the employment rate for people with disabilities in Belgium is only 40%, compared to 70% for people without disabilities. This employment gap can be attributed to a variety of factors, including inaccessible workplaces and negative attitudes towards hiring people with disabilities.


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Public transport and building access

Belgium has made significant progress in improving public transport and building access for people with disabilities in recent years. The Belgian Disability Act requires all public buildings, including schools and government offices, to be accessible to people with disabilities. In addition, all new buildings and major renovations must comply with accessibility standards.

Public transport is also required to be accessible to people with disabilities. This includes the provision of wheelchair ramps, audio and visual announcements, and priority seating. However, there are still areas where accessibility could be improved, such as the availability of accessible taxis and the accessibility of rural public transport services.

Advocacy groups for people with disabilities

There are several advocacy groups in Belgium working to promote the rights and inclusion of people with disabilities. Some of these organizations include:

  • European Disability Forum: a non-profit organization that represents the interests of people with disabilities at the European level. The organization is based in Brussels, Belgium.
  • Handicap International: an international NGO that works to improve the living conditions and rights of people with disabilities in more than 60 countries, including Belgium.
  • Ligue Braille: a Belgian organization that provides services and support to people with visual impairments, including education, employment support, and social activities.

While Belgium has made progress in promoting the rights and inclusion of people with disabilities, there is still work to be done. Negative attitudes towards people with disabilities can lead to discrimination and exclusion from social and employment opportunities. Improving accessibility in public transport and buildings can help to promote inclusion and participation. Advocacy groups play an important role in promoting the rights of people with disabilities and working towards a more inclusive society.


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