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Denmark – Taxation

Denmark is a Scandinavian country known for its high tax rates. The Danish taxation system is complex and consists of several different types of taxes. In this article, we will examine how the taxation system works in Denmark, double taxation agreements, the main taxes that expats need to be aware of, special tax breaks for expats, how to file a tax return in Denmark as an expat, and tax exit procedures for anyone leaving Denmark to move abroad.

The Taxation System in Denmark

The taxation system in Denmark is based on a progressive tax rate system. This means that the tax rate increases as income increases. The Danish tax system also includes several different types of taxes, including income tax, value-added tax (VAT), and property tax.

Personal Income Tax

Personal income tax in Denmark is based on a progressive tax rate system. The tax rates range from 8% to 55.8%, depending on the level of income earned. The tax rates are among the highest in the world.

Value Added Tax (VAT)

The Danish value-added tax (VAT) rate is 25% on most goods and services.


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Property Tax

Denmark imposes a property tax on real estate. The tax rate depends on the value of the property and ranges from 1% to 3%.

Double Taxation Agreements

Denmark has signed double taxation agreements with more than 90 countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada. These agreements aim to avoid double taxation of income earned in one country by a resident of another country. The agreements generally provide rules for determining which country has the right to tax the income and the tax rate that should be applied. The agreements also provide mechanisms for resolving disputes between the two countries.

Main Taxes in Denmark

As an expat in Denmark, you will be subject to several taxes. The main taxes that expats need to be aware of include:

Personal Income Tax

As an expat in Denmark, you will be required to pay personal income tax on your income earned within the country’s borders. The tax rates range from 8% to 55.8%, depending on the level of income earned.

Value Added Tax (VAT)

As an expat in Denmark, you will also be subject to a value-added tax (VAT) of 25% on most goods and services that you purchase.

Special Tax Breaks for Expats

As an expat in Denmark, there are several special tax breaks that you may be eligible for, including:

Tax Treaty Relief

Denmark has signed tax treaties with several countries that provide relief from double taxation. If you are a resident of one of these countries, you may be eligible for relief from Danish tax on income earned within the country’s borders.

How and when to file a tax return in Denmark as an expat

As an expat in Denmark, you will be required to file a tax return if you have income earned within the country’s borders. The deadline for filing your tax return is typically July 1st of the following year.

To file your tax return, you will need to gather all your income documents, such as payslips and investment statements. You can file your tax return online using the Tax Department’s website or by paper.

Tax Exit Procedures for Denmark

If you are leaving Denmark to move abroad, you will need to inform the tax authorities of your departure and settle any outstanding taxes before leaving the country. You will also need to file a tax return for the year up until your departure date. The tax return will cover your income up until the day you leave Denmark.

The tax return is used to determine if you owe any taxes before leaving the country. If you have any tax liabilities, you will need to pay them before leaving Denmark. You may also be required to pay a tax on certain property that you own in the country, such as real estate.

In addition to filing a tax return, you should also inform your financial institutions, such as banks and investment companies, of your departure. This will ensure that they are aware of your new residency status and can adjust any taxes or fees accordingly.

The taxation system in Denmark is complex, with a progressive tax rate system that includes several different types of taxes, including personal income tax, value-added tax (VAT), and property tax. As an expat in Denmark, you will be subject to several taxes, including personal income tax and VAT. However, there are also special tax breaks that you may be eligible for, such as tax treaty relief. It is important to understand your tax obligations in Denmark and to file your tax return on time. If you are leaving Denmark to move abroad, you must inform the tax authorities and file a tax return to ensure that you have met all your tax obligations before leaving the country.


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