Working Legally in Finland
It is necessary for expats to obtain a work permit in order to work legally in Finland. This applies to both EU and non-EU citizens. In most cases, the employer is responsible for making the application for the work permit on behalf of the foreign worker
There are some exemptions to the work permit requirement, including:
- Citizens of EU or EEA member states and Switzerland
- those who are entitled to freedom of movement within the EU or EEA
- certain categories of workers, such as trainees, researchers and academics, and seasonal workers
Types of Work Permits for Expats in Finland
There are two types of work permits in Finland:
- Fixed-term work permit: This permit is issued for a specific period of time, and is tied to a specific job and employer. The length of the permit depends on the length of the employment contract.
- Continuous work permit: This permit is issued for an indefinite period of time, and is usually granted to those who have been working in Finland for several years and have a permanent employment contract.
To be eligible for a work permit, expats must have a valid job offer from a Finnish employer, and the employer must demonstrate that no suitable candidate for the position can be found from within the EU or EEA.
Work Permit Application Process in Finland
The procedure to apply for a work permit in Finland depends on the type of permit being applied for. The application process involves the following steps:
- The employer applies for a work permit on behalf of the foreign worker
- The Finnish Immigration Service (Migri) assesses the application, including conducting a labour market test to determine if there are any suitable candidates for the position within the EU or EEA
- If the application is approved, the foreign worker must apply for a residence permit
- The Finnish embassy or consulate in the worker’s home country processes the residence permit application and issues the permit
The time it takes to process a work permit application varies, but typically takes several weeks. The entire process from start to finish can take several months.
Work Permit Documents in Finland
The following documents are required to apply for a work permit in Finland:
- A valid job offer from a Finnish employer
- A labour market test certificate, demonstrating that no suitable candidate for the position can be found from within the EU or EEA
- Passport or other valid travel document
- Educational certificates and work references
- Proof of financial means, such as a bank statement
- Health insurance coverage
Work Permit Costs in Finland
The costs involved in applying for a work permit in Finland include:
- Processing fee for the work permit application
- Residence permit fee
- Health insurance coverage
Reliable Information on Working Legally in Finland
Expats can find reliable information on working legally in Finland on the following websites: