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Malta – Driving

Malta is a small island country in the Mediterranean, known for its rich history, stunning architecture, and picturesque landscapes. Driving in Malta is a great way to explore the island, but it is important to be aware of the local driving rules and regulations to ensure a safe and enjoyable driving experience. In this article, we will discuss road safety, legal requirements, driving rules, road signs, traffic lights, parking rules, and where to find up-to-date road traffic information in Malta.

Road Safety in Malta

Road safety is a major concern in Malta, as the country has a high rate of road accidents compared to other European countries. Despite this, Malta has made significant improvements in recent years to improve road safety, including the introduction of new road safety measures and campaigns to promote safe driving.

One of the main challenges when driving in Malta is the quality of roads. While some roads are well-maintained, others can be narrow, potholed, and poorly lit. This can make driving conditions challenging, particularly during heavy rain or at night.

Another factor that contributes to road accidents in Malta is the local driving standards. While most Maltese drivers are courteous and responsible, there are some who flout the rules of the road, including speeding, reckless driving, and driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Additionally, many drivers in Malta do not wear seatbelts or helmets, which can significantly increase the risk of serious injury or death in the event of an accident.

Legal Requirements

As with any country, there are certain legal requirements that must be met when driving in Malta. These include carrying the correct equipment in your car and following the correct procedures in the event of a road accident.


According to Maltese law, all cars must carry the following equipment:

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  • A warning triangle
  • A first aid kit
  • A reflective jacket or vest

It is also recommended that drivers carry a fire extinguisher, as well as a spare tire and jack.

Road Accidents

In the event of a road accident in Malta, it is important to follow the correct procedures to ensure your safety and the safety of others. The first step is to move your vehicle to a safe location, if possible, and turn on your hazard lights. If anyone is injured, call for medical assistance immediately.

Next, exchange details with the other party involved in the accident, including name, contact information, and insurance details. If the accident is serious, or if there is a dispute about who is at fault, it is recommended that you contact the police and wait for them to arrive at the scene.

Driving Rules

Like most countries, Malta has a set of driving rules that must be followed in order to ensure safety on the roads. Here are some of the most important rules to be aware of:

Driving Side

In Malta, cars drive on the left-hand side of the road, which may be different from what drivers are used to in other countries. This means that drivers should keep to the left-hand side of the road at all times, and overtake on the right.

Right of Way

When it comes to right of way, vehicles that are already on the main road have priority over those joining from a side road. Additionally, pedestrians always have the right of way, and drivers should give way to them at all times.

Speed Limits

Speed limits in Malta vary depending on the type of road you are driving on. In general, the maximum speed limit on highways is 80 km/h, while in urban areas it is 50 km/h. It is important to always obey speed limits, as there are strict penalties for those who are caught speeding.

Other Rules

Other important driving rules to be aware of in Malta include:

  • Use of seat belts and helmets: Drivers and passengers are required to wear seat belts at all times, and motorcyclists must wear helmets. Failure to do so can result in a fine.

    • Use of mobile phones: It is illegal to use a mobile phone while driving, unless it is with a hands-free device. Violators can be fined.
    • Drinking and driving: The legal blood alcohol limit in Malta is 0.08%. Anyone caught driving over this limit can face severe penalties, including fines, imprisonment, and suspension of their driving license.

    Road Signs and Traffic Lights

    Understanding road signs and traffic lights is essential for safe driving in Malta. Here are some of the most important road signs to be aware of:

    • Stop sign: A red octagon with the word “STOP” in white letters. This indicates that drivers must come to a complete stop before proceeding.
    • Speed limit sign: A circular sign with a number in the middle, indicating the maximum speed limit for that particular road.
    • No entry sign: A red circle with a white horizontal bar, indicating that entry is prohibited.
    • One-way sign: A white arrow on a green background, indicating that traffic flows in one direction only.

    Traffic lights in Malta follow the same color scheme as most countries, with red indicating stop, green indicating go, and yellow indicating caution. However, it is important to note that some traffic lights in Malta have a flashing green light, which indicates that drivers should proceed with caution and give way to other vehicles and pedestrians.

    Road Traffic Information

    To stay up to date on road traffic information in Malta, there are several websites and apps that can be used. These include:

    • Transport Malta: This website provides updates on road closures, traffic congestion, and accidents across Malta.
    • Malta Traffic: A mobile app that provides real-time traffic updates, as well as information on parking and public transport in Malta.
    • TMC Malta: A Twitter account that provides regular updates on traffic conditions in major cities across Malta.

    Parking Rules

    Parking in Malta can be challenging, particularly in areas with high populations of expats. Here are some important parking rules to be aware of:

    • Parking permits: In some areas, such as Valletta, permits may be required for on-street parking. These permits can be obtained from local councils or parking operators.
    • Time limits: In many areas, there are time limits on parking, ranging from one to three hours. Drivers should be aware of these limits and ensure they move their vehicle before the time expires.
    • Disabled parking: Disabled parking bays are available in many areas, and drivers with a disabled parking permit can park in these bays for free.

    Driving in Malta can be a fun and rewarding experience, but it is important to be aware of the local driving rules and regulations to ensure a safe and stress-free journey. By following the legal requirements, driving rules, and road signs, as well as staying up to date on road traffic information, drivers can enjoy all that Malta has to offer while staying safe on the roads.

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