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Poland – Health Issues

Poland is a country located in Central Europe, with a population of approximately 38 million people. The country has made significant progress in healthcare, including the expansion of healthcare coverage and improvement in healthcare facilities. However, there are still some common health issues that affect the population in Poland.

Common Health Issues

Cardiovascular Diseases

Cardiovascular diseases are one of the leading causes of death in Poland. According to a report by the Polish Ministry of Health, cardiovascular diseases accounted for more than 44% of all deaths in Poland in 2018. The most common cardiovascular diseases in Poland are ischemic heart disease, hypertension, and heart failure.

Cancer

Cancer is also a major health issue in Poland. According to the National Cancer Registry, there were more than 164,000 new cases of cancer in Poland in 2018, and cancer accounted for more than 25% of all deaths in the country. The most common types of cancer in Poland are lung cancer, breast cancer, and colorectal cancer.

Respiratory Diseases


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Respiratory diseases, particularly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), are a significant health issue in Poland. According to a report by the European Respiratory Society, Poland has one of the highest rates of COPD in Europe, with approximately 6% of the population affected by the disease.

Mental Health

Mental health is a growing concern in Poland. According to a report by the World Health Organization, approximately 27% of the population in Poland will experience a mental health issue at some point in their lives. The most common mental health issues in Poland are depression and anxiety disorders.

Smoking in Poland

Smoking is still a prevalent issue in Poland, despite efforts to reduce smoking rates in the country. According to a report by the World Health Organization, approximately 23% of the population in Poland are smokers.

Attitudes towards Smoking

Attitudes towards smoking have been changing in Poland, particularly among younger generations. According to a survey conducted by the Public Opinion Research Center, more than 60% of Poles believe that smoking should be banned in public places, and more than 80% believe that smoking should not be allowed in the workplace.

Legislation on Smoking

There are several laws and regulations in place in Poland to reduce smoking rates and protect non-smokers from exposure to secondhand smoke. These include:

  • Ban on smoking in public places, including bars and restaurants
  • Ban on smoking in cars with children under the age of 18
  • Graphic warning labels on cigarette packaging
  • Restrictions on tobacco advertising and sponsorship

While Poland has made significant progress in improving its healthcare system, there are still common health issues that affect the population. Cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases, and mental health are among the most prevalent health issues in the country. Smoking is also a prevalent issue in Poland, but attitudes towards smoking are changing, and there are laws and regulations in place to reduce smoking rates and protect non-smokers.


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