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Poland – Residency

Types of Residency in Poland

Poland is a beautiful country with a rich history and culture, and a growing economy. If you are considering moving to Poland, one of the first things you will need to think about is obtaining residency status. There are several different types of residency available, each with its own requirements and limitations.

Types of Residency

1. Temporary Residence Permit

A Temporary Residence Permit (TRP) is the most common type of residency permit for foreigners in Poland. It allows you to stay in Poland for a period of up to three years, and can be renewed. To be eligible for a TRP, you will need to meet certain requirements, such as having a job offer, being a student, or having a family member in Poland.

2. Permanent Residence Permit

A Permanent Residence Permit (PRP) allows you to stay in Poland indefinitely. To be eligible for a PRP, you will need to have lived in Poland on a TRP for at least five years, or be a spouse or child of a Polish citizen or PRP holder.

3. European Union (EU) Blue Card


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The EU Blue Card is a work permit that allows highly-skilled non-EU citizens to work and live in Poland. To be eligible for an EU Blue Card, you will need to have a university degree and a job offer in Poland that meets certain criteria.

4. Pole’s Card

The Pole’s Card is a special residency permit for people of Polish descent who were born outside of Poland. It allows them to work and live in Poland for up to three years.

5. Visa for Entrepreneurs

If you wish to start your own business in Poland, you may be eligible for a Visa for Entrepreneurs. This is a temporary visa that allows you to live and work in Poland for up to two years, with the possibility of applying for a TRP or PRP after two years.

Process for Applying for Residency

The process for applying for residency in Poland varies depending on the type of residency you are seeking. In general, the process involves the following steps:

  1. Determine which type of residency is right for you, and gather all necessary documents and information.
  2. Complete the application form, which can usually be found online.
  3. Submit the application, along with any required documents and fees.
  4. Wait for your application to be processed. This can take several weeks or even months, depending on the type of residency and the volume of applications being processed.
  5. If your application is approved, you will be issued with the appropriate visa or permit.

It is important to note that the process for obtaining residency in Poland can be quite complex, and it is often helpful to seek the advice of a professional immigration lawyer or consultant.

Documents Required for Residency Application

The documents required for a residency application in Poland will vary depending on the type of residency you are seeking. However, in general, you will need to provide the following documents:

  • Passport or other valid travel documents
  • Evidence of your financial means
  • Proof of accommodation arrangements in Poland
  • Evidence of your educational qualifications and work experience (if applicable)
  • Police clearance certificate
  • Health certificate

Registering with Polish Authorities

Upon arrival in Poland, it is important to register with the Polish authorities. This includes obtaining a temporary residence card (karta pobytu) from the voivode office in your place of residence.

Where to Find Reliable Information

For up-to-date information on obtaining residency in Poland, you can visit the official website of the Office for Foreigners in Poland at https://udsc.gov.pl/. Another useful resource is the website of the Polish embassy or consulate in your home country.


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