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Thailand – End of Life Issues

Thailand is a country located in Southeast Asia known for its rich culture, beautiful landscapes, and warm hospitality. Like many countries around the world, Thailand has a growing elderly population, and with it, a growing need for quality end-of-life care. In this article, we will explore end-of-life care in Thailand, including hospice care, local customs and practices surrounding death, and what to do when someone dies.

Hospice Care in Thailand

Hospice care in Thailand is focused on providing comfort and dignity to patients at the end of their lives. It is available in both hospital and home settings and is provided by trained professionals who specialize in end-of-life care. Hospice care in Thailand may include pain management, symptom control, emotional support, and spiritual care.

While hospice care is available, it is not yet widely utilized in Thailand due to cultural and financial barriers. Many families still prefer to care for their loved ones at home, and there is a lack of public funding for hospice care services. However, there are some private organizations and foundations that provide hospice care services free of charge or at a reduced cost.

Local Customs and Practices

In Thailand, death is seen as a natural part of life and is often viewed as a transition to the next life. Buddhism is the predominant religion in Thailand, and many of the customs and practices surrounding death are rooted in Buddhist beliefs.

One common practice is to place a small statue or image of Buddha at the head of the bed of a dying person to provide comfort and support. Families may also recite prayers or chant mantras to help ease the transition to the next life.

After a person dies, it is common for family members to stay with the body and offer prayers and offerings for several hours. The body is then washed and dressed in clean clothes, and a Buddhist monk may be invited to chant prayers or perform a blessing.


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Funeral customs in Thailand may vary depending on the region and religious beliefs of the family. However, cremation is the most common method of disposition, and the ashes are often scattered in a place of significance to the deceased.

What to do When Someone Dies in Thailand

When someone dies in Thailand, there are several steps that must be taken. These steps may vary depending on the location and circumstances of the death, but the following is a general guide:

  1. Contact a funeral home: The first step is to contact a funeral home or undertaker. They will guide you through the process and help with the necessary arrangements.

  2. Register the death: It is important to register the death with the local government within 24 hours. This can be done at the local district office or police station.

  3. Arrange for the body to be transported: If the death occurs outside of a hospital or hospice, arrangements will need to be made to transport the body to the funeral home.

  4. Notify family and friends: It is important to notify family and friends of the death and provide information about the funeral arrangements.

  5. Hold the funeral: The funeral may take place at a temple, home, or funeral home. It may include prayers, offerings, and a procession.

  6. Dispose of the body: The body is typically cremated, and the ashes may be scattered or kept in an urn.

  7. Observe the mourning period: In Thailand, the mourning period is typically 100 days. During this time, family members may wear black and avoid participating in social events.

End-of-life care is an important aspect of healthcare that requires compassion, understanding, and respect for cultural differences. While every country has its own customs and practices when it comes to caring for the dying and dealing with death, it is important to be aware of these practices when traveling or living abroad. Knowing what to expect and what is expected of you can help ease the process and provide comfort during a difficult time. By following the appropriate protocols and seeking assistance when needed, we can ensure that end-of-life care is given with dignity and respect, no matter where we are in the world.


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