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Thailand – Maternity and Giving Birth

Thailand is known for its traditional and holistic approach to healthcare, which is deeply rooted in Buddhist beliefs. The country has made significant progress in improving maternal and child health, and has a well-established healthcare system. In this article, we will explore the most common options for giving birth in Thailand, the process of registering a birth, and the attitudes and legislation surrounding abortion.

Options for Giving Birth in Thailand

Most births in Thailand take place in hospitals, with only a small percentage occurring at home. This is due in part to the widespread availability of hospital-based care, as well as the perception that hospital births are safer than home births. Many hospitals in Thailand offer specialized services for pregnant women, including prenatal care, childbirth education, and postnatal care. Some hospitals also have private rooms for delivery, while others offer shared rooms.

In addition to hospital births, some women in Thailand opt for water births or natural births with the assistance of a midwife. However, these options are less common and may not be covered by health insurance.

Registering a Birth in Thailand

In Thailand, registering a birth is a relatively straightforward process. The following steps outline the process:

  1. Obtain a birth certificate application form from the local district office (amphoe).

  2. Complete the form and submit it, along with the following documents:

  • The child’s birth certificate issued by the hospital or midwife
  • The parents’ marriage certificate or ID card
  • The parents’ household registration documents (tabien baan)
  1. Pay the registration fee, which is typically around 15-30 baht (less than one US dollar).

  2. Wait for the birth certificate to be issued. This process typically takes a few days, but can be expedited for an additional fee.

It is important to note that all births in Thailand must be registered within 15 days of the birth date.

Attitudes and Legislation Surrounding Abortion in Thailand

Abortion is legal in Thailand under certain conditions. The Thai Criminal Code allows for abortion in cases where the pregnancy poses a risk to the woman’s physical or mental health, if the pregnancy is the result of rape or incest, or if the fetus has a severe abnormality. However, there are still some restrictions on access to abortion in Thailand.


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Women seeking abortion must receive counseling and consent from a doctor, and the procedure must be performed in a licensed medical facility. There are also restrictions on the timing of the procedure, with most facilities only offering abortion up to 12 weeks of pregnancy.

Despite the legal status of abortion in Thailand, there is still significant stigma surrounding the procedure, particularly in rural areas. In addition, access to abortion services can be limited in some regions, particularly in the southern provinces of the country where the majority of the population is Muslim.

Giving birth and accessing healthcare services during pregnancy are important experiences that are influenced by a variety of factors, including cultural attitudes, healthcare infrastructure, and legal frameworks. In Thailand, hospital births are the most common option, with specialized services available to pregnant women. Registering a birth is a relatively simple process, and abortion is legal under certain conditions, but still faces stigma and access barriers in some regions. By understanding these differences, we can gain a greater appreciation for the diversity of experiences and perspectives around the world.


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