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Luxembourg - Visas
Luxembourg, as a member of the European Union and also of the Schengen Area, has embraced the freedoms offered. People, goods, services and capital may move freely across Luxembourg’s borders into other Schengen Area partners without checks or restriction. This is one of the reasons why such a significant proportion of Luxembourg’s workforce, priced out of the country’s expensive residential property market, commute from the neighbouring countries where they now live.
If you legally live in one of the 22 EU countries that are Schengen Area signatories, or in one of the four non-EU countries who were admitted to the Schengen Area, you are free to visit Luxembourg whenever you wish.
Citizens of EU countries who are not part of the Schengen Area may also visit Luxembourg without obtaining a visa. However, your stay is limited to a maximum of 90 days in any 180-day period, regardless of whether you make one long trip or several shorter ones. Your passport must remain valid for the full length of your stay, so you are likely to have difficulty entering Luxembourg if your passport is valid for less than three months. The same freedoms and conditions apply to a large number of non-EU countries as well.
Everyone entering the Schengen Area, whether from a non-Schengen Area EU country or from further afield, are meant to have their identity documents checked against the security computer system, known as SIS. However, it is alleged that some countries do not perform this check on everyone entering the Schengen Area, with immigration staff merely looking at documents and only checking against SIS if they perceive a risk factor.
The UK voted in an EU referendum in 2016. Gibraltar, the only British Overseas Territory which is part of the EU, also took part in the referendum. With 52 percent voting to leave the EU and 48 percent to remain, the UK triggered Article 50 and is expected to formally leave the EU in March 2019. Negotiations are ongoing, but as the UK has never been part of the Schengen Area, it is anticipated that access to Luxembourg for visits of up to 90 days will remain on the same terms as at present.
EU citizens are free to work in Luxembourg without first obtaining a work permit. Anyone arriving from outside the EU and hoping to work in Luxembourg must have a temporary residence order to enter the country, known as an autorisation de séjour temporaire, and a separate work permit, or autorisation de séjour d’un ressortissant de pays tiers en vue d’une activité salariée. These must have been received before travelling to the country, and expire 90 days after issue. It is best to apply for these documents together.
Permission to work in Luxembourg on a self-employed basis may be granted to non-EU citizens who apply for the autorisation de séjour d’un ressortissant de pays tiers en vue d’une activité indépendante self-employment permit, and are accepted. As with those wishing to work as an employee, the autorisation de séjour temporaire temporary residence order must also be applied for and accepted in the same timeframe.
If you are over the age of 18, have a clean criminal record and have lived in Luxembourg for more than five years, you may wish to apply for citizenship of Luxembourg.
You must pass a Luxembourgish oral language test at level A2, and a comprehension test at level B1, taken at the Institut National des Langues (INLL). There are no statutory classes you have to take to prepare for this test, but exam slots fill up quickly. If you do very well in one exam and badly in the other, overall marks will be considered.
If you have lived in Luxembourg for more than 20 years and do not wish to take the language tests, you may instead attend 24 hours of accredited Luxembourgish lessons and receive language certification. Both oral and comprehension skills will form part of the curriculum, which is delivered by INLL or another programme provider approved by the ministry of education.
Everyone applying for Luxembourgish nationality must also attend an accredited course which sets out the customs, rights and responsibilities of life in Luxembourg. Three modules of six hours each will cover citizens’ rights, state institutions and Luxembourg’s history, including European integration. A multiple-choice test will complete the course.
If you are getting married to a Luxembourgish citizen, you can claim citizenship automatically if you have already lived legally in the country for three consecutive years.
All children born in Luxembourg, where at least one parent has Luxembourgish nationality, can claim citizenship. This also applies if you were adopted in Luxembourg.
If you were born in Luxembourg to two parents with citizenship elsewhere, you may apply for Luxembourgish citizenship from your 18th birthday. You must have been living in Luxembourg for at least five consecutive years, and at least one of your parents must have lived there for a full twelve months before you were born.
Any young person who has spent seven years attending a state school in Luxembourg and has lived in the county for a continuous twelve months before application may be accepted for citizenship.
Refugees must live legally in Luxembourg for at least five continuous years, attend language classes and complete the cultural and history course. These requirements also apply to anyone who moved to Luxembourg before they reached the age of 18.
Luxembourg permits dual citizenship, as long as the other country allows it too.
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