Luxembourg’s health insurance is based on a joint Beveridge (universal government funded healthcare) and Bismarck (co-pay between employer and employee) model. About 84% of healthcare funding is paid by the government and from health insurance: the Mutual Medico-Surgical Fund (Cause Médico-Chirurgicale Mutualiste) is comprehensive and compulsory. It is governed jointly by the Ministries of Health and Social Security.
An amount will be deducted from your salary each month and paid into the Luxembourg Health Offices of the Caisse Nationale de Santé (CNS – National Health Fund), or the Caisse de Maladie, who govern health insurance along with nine other agencies.
If you are self-employed, you will need to sign up with the Joint Centre of Social Security, and they will send you your social security card. If you are a cross-border worker then you will need to make sure that your dependents are covered in Luxembourg as well as your country of residence. You will either need a Luxembourg social security card or you can submit your documentation to the CNS, who can co-insure you.
You will then be covered for most health-related appointments. Luxembourg operates on a reimbursement system, so you will need to pay your costs upfront and then claim them back. Usually you will be refunded within three weeks, for 80-100% of the costs. You will need to send your receipts, along with your social ID number and a bank statement, into the CNS.
This does not apply to hospital treatment: the CNS will settle the bulk of the cost directly with the healthcare provider and you will only need to pay the difference. Luxembourg does not have any private hospitals: they are all CNS-run.
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All citizens are covered under the public system, including expats, although there are some differences for cross-border workers. If you are an EU citizen and have an EHIC card, then you will be able to use this for emergencies, but not as a substitute for either state or private coverage.
Your employer has to register you within eight days of you starting work. They will then be sent a form from the CCSS on which you will need to note down your family members, and following this you will be sent a social security card (Carte de Sécurité Sociale). This functions as your medical insurance card and you will need to take it with you when you first visit your local GP, and for any hospital or specialist visits.
The national health scheme covers:
Emergency hospitalization should be reimbursed from 80-100%..
Prescriptions will be reimbursed but not fully – usually up to 78%.
If you are applying for residence in Luxembourg as an expat, you will need proof of health insurance before you can be issued with a residency permit, so taking out private cover before you arrive is essential. Consult the Joint Social Security Centre (Centre commun de la sécurité sociale - CCSS) to check if you are eligible to make voluntary contributions as a proposed long-term resident, or if your contributions can be deducted at source from your pension.
If you are a student who is the dependent of a resident with state coverage, you will be included in their policy up until you are 27.
If you are an international student and do not have private insurance, you must register with the CCSS. They will manage your contributions.
You must provide proof of adequate health insurance to cover you during your stay.
Yes, your family will be covered. This includes:
If you cease to be insured; for example, if you become divorced, you can still apply for health insurance by:
If your dentist is linked into the Caisse de Maladie, then some of your dental or orthodontic costs will be covered, including dental implants. Dental prosthetics, for example, will be covered up to 80% of the full cost, except for restorative maxillo-facial prostheses.
The amount you pay will depend on your salary, but in general contributions will be around 5.9% of gross income from both yourself and your employer, who must also pay into the fund on your behalf. There is an annual cap of €6225. The cap cannot exceed 5 times the minimum wage.
If you are self-employed, you will have to pay the whole amount yourself, and it will depend on your income. Some trades — manual workers, for instance — have to pay a slightly higher percentage (9-10%, split between themselves and their employer), but if your income is limited, you will only need to pay 5.2%.
If you are unemployed or a pensioner, then your contributions will be taken from your benefits at source. 1% of all this goes towards the ‘Dépendence,’ which is a separate type of national insurance covering long-term care.
National medical insurance covers most of the population but around 75% of Luxembourg’s residents pay for some private cover for the usual reasons such as top-up, additional facilities and speed of care.
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Private health insurance will give you faster access to treatment and better facilities. Depending on the plan selected, it will also cover elective cosmetic surgery and more advanced dental treatment.
Note that there is now an optional scheme — the Guichet — which is affiliated to CNS and which allows you a degree of extra cover via voluntary payments. This means you can be reimbursed for extras not covered by the main national fund, and provides you with cover if you are no longer eligible for state insurance. Guichet contributions are just over €100 a month.
This is going to depend on your budget and the kind of package you want to opt for, but it is also worth checking with your employer to see if they offer private coverage as part of your employment package.
For those seeking international private medical insurance (iPMI) cover for multiple countries including Luxembourg, numerous variables can have an impact on the cost.
The most important variables are:
Other variables include:
As so many variables have an effect on the cost of international private medical insurance in Luxembourg it becomes very difficult to give accurate estimates without knowing the full details of the coverage required. However, as a very rough guide, using a standard profile of a 40 year old British male with no deductibles, no co-insurance, a middle tier plan/product, all modules included and worldwide coverage excluding the US, a ballpark price of around £4,000/$5,000 might be expected. Were coverage to be expanded to include the US then the premium could increase to almost double that amount.
The big international companies such as:
all operate in Luxembourg.
You may also want to look more locally, either at a non-profit health insurance agency or a mutual association (mutuelles), as these are linked into the state system via the Ministry of Social Security.
Caisse Nationale de Santé (CNS) / Caisse de Maladie - National health insurance system
Carte de Sécurité Sociale - Social security card
Cause Médico-Chirurgicale Mutualiste - Mutual Medico-Surgical Fund
Centre commun de la sécurité sociale (CCSS) - Body which governs affiliation and the collection of contributions for all branches of social security
mutuelles - mutual association